Treviso - Italy, 1824 Rio de Janeiro - Rio de Janeiro, 1900
Arriving in Brazil in 1849, Facchinetti worked initially on portraits and scenography. Later, he started to paint landscapes, a genre for which he became renowned as one of the most important artists of his generation.
The artist painted landscapes of Rio de Janeiro and its surroundings, contrasting urban scenes with the rich nature on the outskirts of the city. He also painted scenes of Petrópolis and Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro; the rural area of Vale do Paraíba and some regions of Minas Gerais. In his works, the landscape is treated in a grandiose manner, contrasting wide natural areas with small figures and buildings, in scenes invariably devoid of human presence. He exploited the effects of natural light, especially at dawn and dusk.
Facchinetti participated in several editions of the General Exhibition of Fine Arts, between 1850 and 1900, won the honorable award in 1864 and the silver medal in 1865. In 2004, the exhibition Nicolau Facchinetti: 1824-1900 was held at the Banco do Brasil Cultural Center - CCBB, Rio de Janeiro, curated by museologist and artist Carlos Martins and historian Valéria Piccoli.